Plant Detail

<< Back to search list | < Previous Plant | Next Plant >

Tsuga canadensis

* Common Name:

eastern hemlock, hemlock spruce, Canada hemlock

* Genus:

Tsuga

* Species:

canadensis

Subspecies:

* Family (scientific):

Pinaceae

* Family (common):

Pine

Synonyms :

* Distribution in Canada:

Ontario
Quebec
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
P.E.I.

 

Photographer: Bill Moses.

View more images of this plant.

Do you have an image of this plant to submit?

* denotes fields that are currently complete in the database. The other information is not yet complete.

Habitat

Ecozone(s):

Boreal Shield
Atlantic Maritime
Mixedwood Plains

Natural Habitat(s):

Forest (over 65% cover)
Woodland (35-60% cover)
Swamp/Marsh (nutrient rich)
Rocky Bluff
Lakeshores

Habitat Garden(s):

Butterfly
Bird
Hedgerow / Thicket / Windbreak / Screening
Woodland

Erosion Control?

Characteristics
 
Growing Conditions

* Plant Type:

Tree

Moisture Requirements: Normal, Moist

Light Requirements: Partial Shade, Shade

Soil Requirements: Sand, Loam

Acidophile

Temperature Zone: 3

Evergreen?

Yes

Average Height:

6 to 30 m

Tolerances:

Juglones Tolerant

Flower Info
 
Fruit/Seed Info

Showy flowers?

No

Showy fruit/seeds?

Yes

Bloom time:

May to May

Edible for humans?

Flower Colour(s):

Yellow

Fruit/Seed Colour(s):

Brown

Miscellaneous
 
Uses

Fragrant Flowers?

No

Urban Oasis, Stewards in the City, and Eco Superior are specific Evergreen programs that some plants are used in.

Fragrant Foliage?

Yes

Program & Other Uses:

Culinary
Aboriginal

Fall colours?

No

Distinctive bark?

No

Poisonous to humans?

Thorns or prickles?

Attracts wildlife?

Birds
Butterfly Larvae
Other Showy Insects

Larval host for:

Columbia silkmoth

Provincial tree/flower?

Plant Watch species?

Interesting Tidbits
 
References

This is a slow growing tree that does well in moist, well-drained areas out of direct sun and wind.

In general, (in the forests) eastern hemlock...may take 250-300 years to reach maturity and may live for 900 years or more.

A number of trees can be established and restrained as a garden hedge.

It provides shelter and cover for deer, turkey and ruffed grouse.

Native peoples used cambium from the tree as a base for bread and soups or mixed it with dried fruit and animal fat to make pemmican.
(USDA PLANTS)

Walnut and Tolerant Plants

Larval food plants

USDA PLANTS Database

National Audubon Society: Field Guide to North American Trees, Eastern Region.
National Audubon Society
Alfred A. Knopf, New York
1980
0-394-50760-6

Trees of Ontario
Linda Kershaw
Lone Pine Publishing
2001
ISBN 1-55105-274-1

<< Back to search list | < Previous Plant | Next Plant >



e-Newsletter