Plant Detail

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Chimaphila maculata

* Common Name:

spotted wintergreen, striped prince's pine

* Genus:

Chimaphila

* Species:

maculata

Subspecies:

* Family (scientific):

Ericaceae

* Family (common):

Heath

Synonyms :

* Distribution in Canada:

Ontario
Quebec

Verified by NatureServe Canada on 2006-08-02.

 

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Habitat

Ecozone(s):

Mixedwood Plains

Natural Habitat(s):

Woodland (35-60% cover)

Habitat Garden(s):

Erosion Control?

Characteristics
 
Growing Conditions

* Plant Type:

Wildflower

Moisture Requirements: Dry

Light Requirements: Shade

Soil Requirements: Sand

Temperature Zone:

Evergreen?

Yes

Average Height:

10 to 25 cm

Tolerances:

Flower Info
 
Fruit/Seed Info

Showy flowers?

No

Showy fruit/seeds?

Bloom time:

Jul to Aug

Edible for humans?

Flower Colour(s):

White/Cream, Pink

Fruit/Seed Colour(s):

Brown

Miscellaneous
 
Uses

Fragrant Flowers?

Yes

Urban Oasis, Stewards in the City, and Eco Superior are specific Evergreen programs that some plants are used in.

Fragrant Foliage?

Program & Other Uses:

Culinary
Medicinal
Aboriginal

Fall colours?

Distinctive bark?

Poisonous to humans?

Thorns or prickles?

Attracts wildlife?

Bees

Larval host for:

Provincial tree/flower?

Plant Watch species?

Interesting Tidbits
 
References

Listed as a Species Endangered in ON and QC by SARA (Species at Risk Act). Listed as a Species Endangered by COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada), May, 2000.

Considered Extirpated in Quebec.

This plant was used extensively in aboriginal medicine. It is disappearing in its northernmost range because of the clearing of the mixed deciduous and coniferous forest in which it thrives. (ON SAR ROM)

In summer the leaves are lanceolate, toothed with a white stripe down the middle. In winter, leaves have a dark purplish colour.

This plant was used for flavoring candy and root beer.

Species at Risk - Canada

Ont.SpeciesatRisk ROM

COSEWIC

USDA PLANTS Database

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